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WILLI BORN

Willi Born
Willi Born, who had six younger siblings, spent his early childhood years in Klein-Marzehns in the Belzig district.[1] His mother passed away when he was still young and when he was 13 he lived for a time in a children’s home in the Königswusterhausen district. Later he returned to live with his father, who had remarried. The large family found a new home in Lindow in the Mark Brandenburg region.

Willi Born completed an apprenticeship as a farm machine mechanic and then worked as a tractor operator in the local agricultural production cooperative (LPG) in Lindow where his father also worked.

In 1969 Willi Born married. The young couple moved a short time later to Velten, a northern suburb of Berlin.[2] But they had only a short time to build a life together because the 19-year-old had to serve his military duty in the armored rifle division in Oranienburg, a troop unit of the National People’s Army’s 1st Armored Rifle Division of Potsdam.[3] In the early morning hours of July 7, 1970, three weeks before his 20th birthday, Willi Born left his unit unnoticed. By the time his absence from the barracks was noticed, he had entered the border territory near Bergfelde, north of Berlin, in broad daylight. A search for Willi Born was ordered and all the border guards were told to be on special alert. At around 10:30 in the morning a guard noticed the fugitive and fired a warning shot. Hunted by a number of border soldiers, Willi Born took cover in a patch of woods. He was found there, but before a guard could arrest him, Willi Born fired a bullet through his own head. He died immediately.[4]

Willi Born’s family buried him on the cemetery in Lindow. The parents believed that private problems were the reason for his flight and suicide.[5]

The greeting card Willi Born’s parents had sent him for his 20th birthday was returned and kept by his stepmother in his memory.

[Udo Baron/Maria Nooke]

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[1] On this and the following see “Kreismeldekartei Oranienburg und Personalausweisantrag vom 20.11.1968,” in: Oberhavel district archive, and conversation conducted by Maria Nooke with Willi Born’s relatives, May 1, 2010.
[2] “Standesamt Velten, Eintragung im Heiratsbuch Nr. 3/1969,” in: Oberhavel district archive.
[3] On this and the following see: “Abschlussbericht der NVA/Grenzregiment 36/Der Kommandeur über den verhinderten Grenzdurchbruch mit Selbsttötung des Grenzverletzers am 7.7.1970 gegen 10.45 Uhr im GR-36, 7.7.1970,” in: BArch, VA-07/17904, Bl. 26–30.
[4] See “Standesamt Hohen Neuendorf, Sterbeeintrag Nr. 117/1970,” in: Oberhavel district archive.
[5] See conversation conducted by Maria Nooke with Willi Born’s relatives, May 1, 2010.