AREA C: BUILDING THE WALL

In Area C the exhibition addresses two different topics. The first subject station elucidates the building of the Wall as a process that began in August 1961 and continued until November 1989. Because people were constantly finding new ways and opportunities to flee East Germany for the West, the border fortifications were, until the end, continually developed and expanded. The expansion entailed three decisive procedures: first, beginning in the mid-sixties, the expansion was systematically planned and expedited in two phases; secondly, every single escape was analyzed, which led to further expansion measures; and thirdly, local border officers, who were held accountable for every escape, called for additional barriers in their areas of responsibility at the Wall. An archaeological window shows the remains of anti-vehicle obstacles that were removed in 1983.

The second subject station addresses the issue of surveillance in the “front border area” -- the territory situated directly before the Wall in East Berlin. It focuses on the surveillance of residents living in the border area, but also shows the widespread involvement of people in the border regime, who completed tasks for the civil administration, served as informers for the MfS, or worked as voluntary assistants to the People’s Police or border troops. It becomes clear that East Germany and its border regime endured as a consequence of repressive measures, but that forced participation of the broader population also had an integrative effect on society.

Area C

The Memorial Grounds, Area C

The Memorial Grounds, Area C
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